Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Mollusca > Class Bivalvia > Subclass Heterodonta > Infraclass Archiheterodonta > Order Carditoida > Superfamily Crassatelloidea > Family Astartidae > Genus Astarte

Astarte borealis (Schumacher, 1817)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

AstarteJ. de C. Sowerby, 1816accepted genus name
Crassina Lamarck, 1818 synonym
Nicania Leach, 1819 synonym
Tridonta Schumacher, 1817 synonym

Species group names

Astarte borealis var. placenta Leche, 1878 synonym
Astarte borealis var. rhomboidalis Leche, 1878 synonym
Astarte bornholmi Hopner Petersen, 2001 synonym
Astarte fjordi Hopner Petersen, 2001 synonym
Astarte islandica Deshayes in d'Orbigny, 1849 synonym
Astarte jenseni Hopner Petersen, 2001 synonym
Astarte lactea Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829 synonym
Astarte moerchi Hopner Petersen, 2001 synonym
Astarte nordi Hopner Petersen, 2001 synonym
Astarte nuuki Hopner Petersen, 2001 synonym
Astarte silki Hopner Petersen, 2001 synonym
Crassina corrugata T. Brown, 1827 synonym
Crassina depressa T. Brown, 1827 synonym
Crassina semisulcata Leach in Ross, 1819 synonym
Tridonta borealis Schumacher, 1817 synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Danish: astartemusling sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 English: boreal astarte


basis of record

Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213

additional source

Dyntaxa (2013) Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013].

additional source

de Kluijver, M.J.; Ingalsuo, S.S.; de Bruyne, R.H. (2000). Macrobenthos of the North Sea [CD-ROM]: 1. Keys to Mollusca and Brachiopoda. World Biodiversity Database CD-ROM Series. Expert Center for Taxonomic Identification (ETI): Amsterdam, The Netherlands. ISBN 3-540-14706-3. 1 cd-rom pp.

additional source

Turgeon, D.; Quinn, J.F.; Bogan, A.E.; Coan, E.V.; Hochberg, F.G.; Lyons, W.G.; Mikkelsen, P.M.; Neves, R.J.; Roper, C.F.E.; Rosenberg, G.; Roth, B.; Scheltema, A.; Thompson, F.G.; Vecchione, M.; Williams, J.D. (1998). Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks. 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication, 26. American Fisheries Society: Bethesda, MD (USA). ISBN 1-888569-01-8. IX, 526 + cd-rom pp.

additional source

Gosner, K.L. 1971. Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 693 p.

additional source

Linkletter, L.E. 1977. A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68 p.

additional source

Trott, T.J. 2004. Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist (Special Issue 2): 261 - 324.

additional source

Abbott R. T. (1974) American seashells. The marine mollusca of the Atlantic and Pacific coast of North America. ed. 2. Van Nostrand, New York. 663 pp., 24 pls. [October 1974]

additional source

Huber M. (2010) Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM.

additional source

ITIS database





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (237 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Mollusca Collection
GenBank (5 nucleotides; 0 proteins)


Gofas, S. (2014). Astarte borealis. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:138818




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data




appendix 1 This species is listed on the CITES Appendix I which means it is threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for instance for scientific research.

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Last modified

2004-12-21 by Serge Gofas

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