Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Aves > Order Gaviiformes > Family Gaviidae > Genus Gavia

Gavia immer (Brünnich, 1764)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Original genus

Colymbus

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

GaviaJ. R. Forster, 1788accepted genus name

Species group names

Colymbus immer Brunnich, 1764 objective synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Albanian: nori i madh sources: Dhora, DH. 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor – Shqip – Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names – Albanian – English). Camaj – Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
 Bokmål (Norwegian): islom sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Bulgarian: Черноклюн гмуркач sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: islom sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: ijsduiker sources: Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.
 English: common loon; great northern diver; great northern loon; great-northern diver sources: North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS);Jonsson, L. (1993). Vogels van Europa, Noord-Afrika en het Midden-Oosten [Birds of Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East]. Tirion: Baarn, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-187-6. 560 pp.;Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2011. IOC World Bird Names (version 2.8).;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 English-United States: Great Northern Diver; Great-northern Diver sources: Charles Hussey
 French: plongeon imbrin sources: Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.
 Gaelic: lóma mór sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Galician: Lóma mór
 German: Eistaucher sources: Jonsson, L. (1993). Vogels van Europa, Noord-Afrika en het Midden-Oosten [Birds of Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East]. Tirion: Baarn, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-187-6. 560 pp.
 Greek: Παγοβούτι sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Irish: Lóma mór sources: Nash, Roisin (FaEu - Ecological Consultancy Services Ltd (Ecoserve))
 Israel (Hebrew): צוללן sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: strolaga maggiore sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Lithuanian: ledinis naras sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: islom sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: islom sources: Orn. Boreal. p. 38
 Norwegian Nynorsk: islom sources: Orn. Boreal. p. 38
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): islom sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: lodowiec; nur lodowiec sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Romanian: cufundar guşă roşie sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: полярная гагара sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: ledni slapnik sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: colimbo grande sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: svartnäbbad islom sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: buz dalgici; buz dalgıcı; buz dalgıçı sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Гагара білодзьоба; Гагара полярна; Полярна гагара sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: trochydd mawr

Literature

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station.

additional source

Peterson, R.T. and V.M. Peterson. 2002. A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

Vanner, M. 2003. The encyclopedia of North American birds. Paragon Publishing. Bath. 383 p.

additional source

Squires, H.J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p.

additional source

Linkletter, L.E. 1977. A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68 p.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Gallardo, J. C., V. Macías, and E. Velarde. 2009. Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1321–1342 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.

additional source

Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p.

additional source

Field Guide to Birds of North America 1983

Genbank

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External Links

Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Adriaens, P. (2011). Gavia immer (Brünnich, 1764). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137187

Drs Cees Roselaar. Gavia immer (Brünnich, 1764). Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=96568

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

EU Birds Directive:
Annex I 2009This species is the subject of special conservation measures concerning their habitat in order to ensure their survival and reproduction in their area of distribution, according to Annex I of the EU Bird Directive 2009/147/EC.
IUCN:
Red List status LC 2009This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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Last modified

2011-04-27 by Drs Cees Roselaar & by Peter Adriaens

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