Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Aves > Order Charadriiformes > Family Sternidae > Genus Sterna

Sterna paradisaea Pontoppidan, 1763

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

SternaLinnaeus, 1758accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): rødnebbterne sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Bulgarian: Полярна рибарка sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: havterne sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: noordse stern sources: Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.
 English: Arctic tern; Artic tern sources: Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London.;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 English-United States: Arctic Tern; Artic Tern sources: Charles Hussey
 French: sterne à longue queue; sterne arctique sources: De Coninck, L. A. P. (1938): Scientific results of Prof. Dr. P. Van Oye's expedition in Iceland. II observations ornithologiques. Biol. Jb. Dodonaea 5: 234-264;Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.
 Gaelic: geabhróg Artach sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Galician: Geabhróg Artach
 German: Küstenseeschwalbe sources: De Coninck, L. A. P. (1938): Scientific results of Prof. Dr. P. Van Oye's expedition in Iceland. II observations ornithologiques. Biol. Jb. Dodonaea 5: 234-264
 Greek: Χιονογλάρονο sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Icelandic: krîa sources: De Coninck, L. A. P. (1938): Scientific results of Prof. Dr. P. Van Oye's expedition in Iceland. II observations ornithologiques. Biol. Jb. Dodonaea 5: 234-264
 Irish: Geabhróg Artach sources: Nash, Roisin (FaEu - Ecological Consultancy Services Ltd (Ecoserve))
 Israel (Hebrew): שחפית הקוטב ; שחפית הקוטב * sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: sterna codalunga sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Lithuanian: poliarinė žuvėdra sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: rødnebbterne sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: rødnebbterne sources: Den danske atlas 1 p. 622
 Norwegian Nynorsk: raudnebbterne sources: Den danske atlas 1 p. 622
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): raudnebbterne sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: rybitwa popielata sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: полярная крачка sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: polarna čigra sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: charrán ártico sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: silvertärna sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: kuzey sumrusu sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Крячок полярний; Полярний крячок sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: môr-wennol y Gogledd

Literature

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

basis of record

Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London.

additional source

Worthy, T. (2009). Aves (Chordata). In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp

additional source

Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station.

additional source

Peterson, R.T. and V.M. Peterson. 2002. A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p.

additional source

Squires, H.J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p.

additional source

Linkletter, L.E. 1977. A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68 p.

additional source

Vanner, M. 2003. The encyclopedia of North American birds. Paragon Publishing. Bath. 383 p.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Gallardo, J. C., V. Macías, and E. Velarde. 2009. Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1321–1342 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.

additional source

Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p.

additional source

Field Guide to Birds of North America 1983

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

Genbank

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External Links

Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Adriaens, P. (2012). Sterna paradisaea Pontoppidan, 1763. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137165

Drs Cees Roselaar. Sterna paradisaea Pontoppidan, 1763. Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=96960

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

EU Birds Directive:
Annex I 2009This species is the subject of special conservation measures concerning their habitat in order to ensure their survival and reproduction in their area of distribution, according to Annex I of the EU Bird Directive 2009/147/EC.
IUCN:
Red List status LC 2010This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137165
urn:lsid:faunaeur.org:taxname:96960

Last modified

2011-04-08 by Drs Cees Roselaar & by Peter Adriaens

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