Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Aves > Order Charadriiformes > Family Sternidae > Genus Sterna

Sterna hirundo Linnaeus, 1758

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

SternaLinnaeus, 1758accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Albanian: dallëndyshja e detit; dallëndyshja e zakonshme e detit sources: Dhora, DH. 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor – Shqip – Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names – Albanian – English). Camaj – Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
 Bokmål (Norwegian): makrellterne sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Bulgarian: Речна рибарка sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: fjordterne sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: visdief sources: Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.
 English: common tern sources: Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London.
 English-United States: Common Tern sources: Charles Hussey
 French: sterne pierregarin sources: Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.
 Gaelic: geabhróg sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Galician: Geabhróg
 German: Flussseeschwalbe sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greek: Ποταμογλάρονο sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Irish: Geabhróg sources: Nash, Roisin (FaEu - Ecological Consultancy Services Ltd (Ecoserve))
 Israel (Hebrew): שחפית הים sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: sterna comune sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Lithuanian: upinė žuvėdra sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: makrellterne sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: makrellterne sources: Syst. Nat. ed. 10 p. 137
 Norwegian Nynorsk: makrellterne sources: Syst. Nat. ed. 10 p. 137
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): makrellterne sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: rybitwa rzeczna; rybitwa zwyczajna sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Romanian: chira de baltă sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: речная крачка sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: navadna čigra sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: charrán común sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: fisktärna sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: sumru sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Звичайний крячок; Крячок річковий sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: môr-wennol gyffredin

Literature

original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

Field Guide to Birds of North America 1983

additional source

Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station.

additional source

Peterson, R.T. and V.M. Peterson. 2002. A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p.

additional source

Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London.

additional source

Worthy, T. (2009). Aves (Chordata). In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp

additional source

Squires, H.J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p.

additional source

Linkletter, L.E. 1977. A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68 p.

additional source

Vanner, M. 2003. The encyclopedia of North American birds. Paragon Publishing. Bath. 383 p.

additional source

Gallardo, J. C., V. Macías, and E. Velarde. 2009. Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1321–1342 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.

additional source

Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

Genbank

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External Links

Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Adriaens, P. (2012). Sterna hirundo Linnaeus, 1758. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137162

Drs Cees Roselaar. Sterna hirundo Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=96959

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

EU Birds Directive:
Annex I 2009This species is the subject of special conservation measures concerning their habitat in order to ensure their survival and reproduction in their area of distribution, according to Annex I of the EU Bird Directive 2009/147/EC.
IUCN:
Red List status LC 2009This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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urn:lsid:faunaeur.org:taxname:96959

Last modified

2011-04-08 by Drs Cees Roselaar & by Peter Adriaens

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