Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Aves > Order Charadriiformes > Family Laridae > Genus Larus

Larus hyperboreus Gunnerus, 1767

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

LarusLinnaeus, 1758accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): polarmåke sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: gråmåge sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: grote burgemeester sources: Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.
 English: glaucous gull sources: North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
 English-United States: Glaucous Gull sources: Charles Hussey
 French: goéland bourgmestre sources: Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.
 Gaelic: faoileán glas sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Galician: Faoileán glas
 German: Eismöwe sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Irish: Faoileán glas sources: Nash, Roisin (FaEu - Ecological Consultancy Services Ltd (Ecoserve))
 Lithuanian: didysis poliarinis kiras sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: polarmåke sources: Beskr. Finm. Lapper [Leem] p. 226, note
 Norwegian Nynorsk: polarmåse sources: Beskr. Finm. Lapper [Leem] p. 226, note
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): polarmåse sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: mewa blada sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: большая полярная чайка sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: ledni galeb sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: gavión hiperbóreo sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: vittrut sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: kutup martisi; kutup martısı sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Мартин полярний; Полярний мартин sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: gwylan y Gogledd

Literature

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

Field Guide to Birds of North America 1983

additional source

Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station.

additional source

Peterson, R.T. and V.M. Peterson. 2002. A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p.

additional source

Squires, H.J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p.

additional source

Linkletter, L.E. 1977. A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68 p.

additional source

Vanner, M. 2003. The encyclopedia of North American birds. Paragon Publishing. Bath. 383 p.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Gallardo, J. C., V. Macías, and E. Velarde. 2009. Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1321–1342 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.

additional source

Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

Genbank

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External Links

Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Adriaens, P. (2011). Larus hyperboreus Gunnerus, 1767. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137145

Drs Cees Roselaar. Larus hyperboreus Gunnerus, 1767. Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=96943

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

IUCN:
Red List status LC 2009This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

Provided by

logo erms

GUID

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137145
urn:lsid:faunaeur.org:taxname:96943

Last modified

2011-04-08 by Drs Cees Roselaar & by Peter Adriaens

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