Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Aves > Order Charadriiformes > Family Laridae > Genus Larus

Larus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

LarusLinnaeus, 1758accepted genus name

Children

Larus fuscus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758
Larus fuscus graellsii Brehm, 1857

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): sildemåke sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Bulgarian: Малка черногърба чайка sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: sildemåge sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: kleine mantelmeeuw sources: Jonsson, L. (1993). Vogels van Europa, Noord-Afrika en het Midden-Oosten [Birds of Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East]. Tirion: Baarn, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-187-6. 560 pp.
 English: lesser black-backed gull; Scandinavian lesser black-backed gull sources: Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London.;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 English-United States: Lesser Black-backed Gull; Scandinavian Lesser Black-backed Gull sources: Charles Hussey
 French: goéland brun; goéland de la Balqitue sources: Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.
 Gaelic: droimneach beag sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Galician: Droimneach beag
 Greek: Μελανόγλαρος sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Irish: Droimneach beag sources: Nash, Roisin (FaEu - Ecological Consultancy Services Ltd (Ecoserve))
 Israel (Hebrew): שחף שחור sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: zafferano sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Lithuanian: silkinis kiras sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: sildemåke sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: sildemåke sources: Syst. Nat. ed. 10 p. 136
 Norwegian Nynorsk: sildemåse sources: Syst. Nat. ed. 10 p. 136
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): sildemåse sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: mewa żółtonoga sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Romanian: pescăruşul negricios sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: клуша sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: silltrut sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: karasirtli marti; karasırtlı martı sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Чорнокрилий мартин sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: gwylan gefnddu leiaf

Literature

original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

basis of record

Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London.

additional source

Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station.

additional source

Peterson, R.T. and V.M. Peterson. 2002. A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p.

additional source

Squires, H.J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p.

additional source

Vanderperren, J.-P. (1991). Report Natural History Archive 1990 [Verslag Natuurhistorisch Archief 1990]. De Strandvlo 11(3): 65-75

additional source

Gallardo, J. C., V. Macías, and E. Velarde. 2009. Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1321–1342 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.

additional source

Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p.

additional source

Field Guide to Birds of North America 1983

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

Genbank

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External Links

Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Adriaens, P. (2012). Larus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137142

Drs Cees Roselaar. Larus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=96936

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

EU Birds Directive:
Annex II/B 2009This species may be hunted under national legislation, as long as it does not jeopardise conservation efforts in their distribution area, and only in the Member States in respect of which they are indicated in the Directive, according to Annex II/B of the EU Bird Directive 2009/147/EC.
IUCN:
Red List status LC 2009This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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GUID

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137142
urn:lsid:faunaeur.org:taxname:96936

Last modified

2011-04-08 by Drs Cees Roselaar & by Peter Adriaens

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