Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Mammalia > Subclass Theria > Order Cetartiodactyla > Suborder Cetancodonta > Infraorder Cetacea > Superfamily Odontoceti > Family Phocoenidae > Genus Phocoena

Phocoena phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

PhocoenaG. Cuvier, 1816accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Aleutian: aladak; alagikkh
 Bokmål (Norwegian): nise sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Bulgarian: mutkur; Муткур sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Czech: svinucha pobrezní
 Danish: marsvin; tumler
 Dutch: bruinvis; bruinvisch; tonyn; zee-vark sources: Jefferson, T.A.; Leatherwood, S.; Webber, M.A. (1993). Marine mammals of the world. FAO Species identification guide. FAO: Rome, Italy. ISBN 92-5-103292-0. VIII, 320 pp.
 English: common porpoise; harbor porpoise; harbour porpoise; herring hog; puffing pig; Морська свиня sources: North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS);Jefferson, T.A.; Leatherwood, S.; Webber, M.A. (1993). Marine mammals of the world. FAO Species identification guide. FAO: Rome, Italy. ISBN 92-5-103292-0. VIII, 320 pp.
 English-United States: Common Porpoise; Harbour Porpoise sources: Charles Hussey
 Faroese: nise
 French: marsouin; marsouin commun; poursille sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points;Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.
 German: kleiner Tummler; Kleiner Tümmler; Meerschwein; Schweinswal sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points;Van Gompel, John
 Greek: Φώκαινα sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greenlandic: piglertok
 Icelandic: bruinskop; handfiskar
 Irish: muc mhara
 Italian: focena; marsuino sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Japanese: nezumi iruka
 Latin: maris sus
 Latvian: jurascuka
 Lithuanian: paprastoji jūrų kiaulė sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: marsvün; nesa, nise or nisa; nise; tumler sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: nise sources: Systema Naturae, 10th ed., 1:77
 Norwegian Nynorsk: nise sources: Systema Naturae, 10th ed., 1:77
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): nise sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: morświn; morświn (zwyczajny); morświn zwyczajny; swinia morska sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Portuguese: toninha
 Russian: azovka; azovka (Black and Azov Seas); azovskii delfin; azovskii delfin (Azov Sea); burtuk; chuska; morskaya svinya; pyktun; sapun; shutnik; svinka sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: pristaniška rjava pliskavka sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: marsopa; marsopa común sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points;Jefferson, T.A.; Leatherwood, S.; Webber, M.A. (1993). Marine mammals of the world. FAO Species identification guide. FAO: Rome, Italy. ISBN 92-5-103292-0. VIII, 320 pp.
 Swedish: marsvin; nise; trumblare
 Turkish: bayağı musur; bayağı musur (balina); mutur sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Морська свиня; Фоцена звичайна sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: llamhidydd

Literature

original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008.

additional source

Perrin, W. F., B. Würsig and J. G. M. Thewissen. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

Gaskin, D. E., P. E. Arnold and B. A. Blair. (1974). Phocoena phocoena. Mammalian Species 42:1--8.

additional source

Carwardine, M., E. Hoyt, R. E. Fordyce and P. Gill. 1998. Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Time-Life Books. Nature Company Guides, USA. 288 p.

additional source

Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723--743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Rice, D. W. 1998. Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication 4.

additional source

Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of living whales. U.S. National Museum Bulletin 246:1--259.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

Genbank

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External Links

Link Marine Life Information Network - UK
Link To GBIF

Citation

Perrin, W. (2012). Phocoena phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Perrin, W.F. World Cetacea Database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137117

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

EU Habitat Directive:
annex II EU Habitat Directive Annex II: Species of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation.
annex IV EU Habitat Directive Annex IV: Species of community interest in need of strict protection.
IUCN:
Red List status LC 2008This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
OSPAR:
annex All This species is threatened and/or declining in the entire North-East Atlantic according to the OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic.

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Last modified

2008-08-20 by William Perrin

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