Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Mammalia > Subclass Theria > Order Cetartiodactyla > Suborder Cetancodonta > Infraorder Cetacea > Superfamily Odontoceti > Family Monodontidae > Genus Monodon

Monodon monoceros Linnaeus, 1758

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

MonodonLinnaeus, 1758accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): narhval sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Bulgarian: nаrvаl; Нарвал sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Chukchi (Louravetlany): kaipuuliak
 Czech: narval; narval jednorohý
 Danish: narhval
 Dutch: eenhornvis; narwal
 English: narwhal; sea unicorn sources: UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms
 English-United States: Narwhal sources: Charles Hussey
 French: licorne de mer; narval
 German: Narwal
 Greek: Νάρβαλ sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greenlandic: kelleluak-kakortok; killalugaq; qernertaq; rusaluvak-kernartak; tauvar; tugalik
 Icelandic: illhval; narhvalur; rödkamm
 Inuktitut: killalugaq; tugalik (W. Greenland)
 Italian: narvalo sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Japanese: ikkuka; itsu kaku
 Lithuanian: narvalas sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: lighval; narhval
 Norwegian Bokmål: narhval sources: Systema Naturae, 10th ed., 1:75
 Norwegian Nynorsk: narkval sources: Systema Naturae, 10th ed., 1:75
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): narkval sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: narwal sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Portuguese: narval
 Russian: edinorog; edinozub; jedinorogh morskoi; narval; rogozub; нарвал-единорог sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: narval sources: Davorin Tome
 Spanish, Castillian: narval
 Swedish: enhornad hortand; narval sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: deniz gerdani; denizgerdani; narval sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Нарвал; одноріг sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: morfil uncorn

Literature

original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008.

additional source

Perrin, W. F., B. Würsig and J. G. M. Thewissen. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

Reeves, R. R. and S. Tracey. (1980). Monodon monoceros. Mammalian Species 127:1--7.

additional source

Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723--743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.

additional source

Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of living whales. U.S. National Museum Bulletin 246:1--259.

additional source

Rice, D.W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication 4:1--231/

Genbank

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External Links

Link To GBIF

Citation

Perrin, W. (2011). Monodon monoceros Linnaeus, 1758. In: Perrin, W.F. World Cetacea Database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137116

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

EU Habitat Directive:
annex IV EU Habitat Directive Annex IV: Species of community interest in need of strict protection.
IUCN:
Red List status NT 2008This species is near threatened and is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

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Last modified

2008-08-20 by William Perrin

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