Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Mammalia > Subclass Theria > Order Cetartiodactyla > Suborder Cetancodonta > Infraorder Cetacea > Superfamily Odontoceti > Family Delphinidae > Genus Orcinus

Orcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

OrcinusFitzinger, 1860accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Aleutian: aguluk; dukulad
 Auns: nookur
 Bokmål (Norwegian): spekkhogger sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Bulgarian: kosаtkа; Косатка sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Chukchi (Louravetlany): musonkjgyssiak
 Czech: kosatka dravá
 Danish: spaekhogger; spækhugger; svaerdval; svarthval; tandthoye sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: botskop; orka; zwaardwalvis sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 English: grampus; killer whale; killer-trasher; orca; sword grampus sources: North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
 English-United States: Killer Whale sources: Charles Hussey
 French: dorque; epaulard; epée de mer; orque; orque épaulard; orque gladiateur
 German: großer Schwertwal; Orca; Schwertwal sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greek: Όρκα sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greenlandic: ardlursark; ardlyk
 Icelandic: fann-fiskar-hydengen; haa-hirningur; hahyrna; huyding; sverdfiscur
 Italian: orca sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Japanese: sadshi; sakamata; shachi
 Korean: innuatu
 Lithuanian: orka sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: spaekhogger; spekkhugger; starhyn ning; staurhval; stourvaga; stourvagn; vaghund; van hund
 Norwegian Bokmål: spekkhogger sources: Systema Naturae, 10th ed., 1:77
 Norwegian Nynorsk: spekkhoggar sources: Systema Naturae, 10th ed., 1:77
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): spekkhoggar sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: orka sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Portuguese: orca
 Russian: kasatka; kosatka; или кит убийца; косатка sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Scottish: pictwale
 Slovenian: orka sources: Davorin Tome
 Spanish, Castillian: orca; orca común sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: löpare; opare; spackhuggare; späckhuggare; tunnlik tumlare sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: katil balina sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Косатка sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: lleiddiad sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Yupik: mesungesak

Literature

original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web.

additional source

Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008.

additional source

Perrin, W. F., B. Würsig and J. G. M. Thewissen. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

King, C. (2009). Terrestrial mammals (Chordata). In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp

additional source

Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Carwardine, M., E. Hoyt, R. E. Fordyce and P. Gill. 1998. Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Time-Life Books. Nature Company Guides, USA. 288 p.

additional source

Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723--743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Rice, D. W. 1998. Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication 4.

additional source

Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of living whales. U.S. National Museum Bulletin 246:1--259.

additional source

Heyning, J. E. and M. E. Dahlheim. (1988). Orcinus orca. Mammalian Species 304:1--9.

Genbank

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External Links

Link Marine Life Information Network - UK
Link To GBIF

Citation

Perrin, W. (2012). Orcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Perrin, W.F. World Cetacea Database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137102

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

EU Habitat Directive:
annex IV EU Habitat Directive Annex IV: Species of community interest in need of strict protection.
IUCN:
Red List status DD 2008This species is data deficient, there is inadequate information to make a direct, or indirect, assessment of its risk of extinction based on its distribution and/or population status according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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Last modified

2008-08-20 by William Perrin

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