Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Mammalia > Subclass Theria > Order Cetartiodactyla > Suborder Cetancodonta > Infraorder Cetacea > Superfamily Mysticeti > Family Balaenidae > Genus Balaena

Balaena mysticetus Linnaeus, 1758

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

BalaenaLinnaeus, 1758accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Aleutian: kulema; kuliamilak; ugamachcach
 Bokmål (Norwegian): grønlandshval sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Bulgarian: Grenlаndski kit; Гренландски кит sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Chukchi (Louravetlany): ittiv
 Czech: velryba grónská
 Danish: bartfisch; grönlandhval; rethval; sandhval; schlichteback
 Dutch: Groenlandse walvis; walvisch
 English: Arctic right whale; black right whale; bowhead whale; great polar whale; Greenland right whale; whalebone whale sources: UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms;North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
 English-United States: Bowhead whale
 Evenki: kallium
 French: baleine; baleine de grande baie; baleine du Groenland; baleine franche; baleine franche boréale sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 German: Bogenkopf; Grönlandswal; Nordwal; Polarwal; Walfisch
 Greek: Φάλαινα της Αρκτικής sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greenlandic: akbek; arbavirsoak; arbek
 Icelandic: gröenlandshvalur; nordvalur; sletbacur; vatushalar
 Italian: balena artica; balena della Groenlandia sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Japanese: hokkyoku kujira; serbio
 Latvian: walzius
 Lithuanian: Grenlandinis banginis sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: finqval; gronlandshval; grønlandshval; gronlandskhval; hvalfisk; sietback; sletbag; sletbak sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: grønlandshval sources: Systema Naturae, 10th ed., 1:75
 Norwegian Nynorsk: grønlandskval sources: Systema Naturae, 10th ed., 1:75
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): grønlandskval sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: wieloryb grenlandzki
 Portuguese: baleia da Gronelândia
 Russian: greenlandskiy kit; poliarskyi kit; гренландский; или полярный кит sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: Grenlandski kit sources: Davorin Tome
 Spanish, Castillian: ballena boreal; ballena de cabeza arqueada; ballena de Groenlandia sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: grönlandsval; hvalfisk; rättval
 Turkish: Gronland balinası; Grönland balinası sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Гренландський кит; Кит гренландський; полярний кит sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Yakut: kakhlim
 Yupik: agkhovik; akhgvopik; kiralick

Literature

original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web.

additional source

Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008.

additional source

Perrin, W. F., B. Würsig and J. G. M. Thewissen. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723--743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.

additional source

Rice, D. W. 1998. Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication 4.

additional source

Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of living whales. U.S. National Museum Bulletin 246:1--259.

Genbank

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External Links

Link To GBIF

Citation

Perrin, W. (2011). Balaena mysticetus Linnaeus, 1758. In: Perrin, W.F. World Cetacea Database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137086

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

CITES:
appendix 1 This species is listed on the CITES Appendix I which means it is threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for instance for scientific research.
EU Habitat Directive:
annex IV EU Habitat Directive Annex IV: Species of community interest in need of strict protection.
IUCN:
Red List status LC 2008This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
OSPAR:
annex I This species is threatened and/or declining in the Arctic according to the OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic.

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Last modified

2008-08-20 by William Perrin

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