Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Mammalia > Subclass Theria > Order Carnivora > Suborder Caniformia > Infraorder Pinnipedia > Family Phocidae > Genus Phoca

Phoca vitulina Linnaeus, 1758

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

PhocaLinnaeus, 1758accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): fjordsel; steinkobbe sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Bulgarian: obiknoven tyulen; Обикновен тюлен sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: spættet sæl sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: gewone zeehond sources: Jefferson, T.A.; Leatherwood, S.; Webber, M.A. (1993). Marine mammals of the world. FAO Species identification guide. FAO: Rome, Italy. ISBN 92-5-103292-0. VIII, 320 pp.
 English: common seal; harbour seal sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points;North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
 English-United States: Common Seal; Harbour seal sources: Charles Hussey
 French: phoque veau marin; phoque veau-marin sources: Jefferson, T.A.; Leatherwood, S.; Webber, M.A. (1993). Marine mammals of the world. FAO Species identification guide. FAO: Rome, Italy. ISBN 92-5-103292-0. VIII, 320 pp.;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 German: Seehund sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greek: Φώκια των λιμανιών sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: foca comune sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Lithuanian: paprastasis ruonis sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: fjordsel; steinkobbe sources: Systema Naturae, 10th ed., 1:38
 Norwegian Nynorsk: fjordsel; steinkobbe sources: Systema Naturae, 10th ed., 1:38
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): fjordsel; steinkobbe sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: foka pospolita sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: тюлень sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: navadni tjulenj sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: foca comoen; foca común; foca moteada sources: Jefferson, T.A.; Leatherwood, S.; Webber, M.A. (1993). Marine mammals of the world. FAO Species identification guide. FAO: Rome, Italy. ISBN 92-5-103292-0. VIII, 320 pp.;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: knubbsäl sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: bayağı fok; liman focu; liman foku sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Звичайний тюлень; Тюлень звичайний sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: morlo cyffredin

Literature

original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723--743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

Wilson, D. E., and D. M. Reeder (eds.). 1993. Mammal species of the world. Smithsonian Institution Press.

additional source

Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station.

additional source

Waring, G.T., J.M. Quintal and C.P. Fairfield (eds.). 2002. U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico marine mammal dtock assessments, 2002. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS- NE- 169. 318 p.

additional source

Thomas, M.L.H. (ed.). 1983. Marine and coastal systems of the Quoddy Region, New Brunswick. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64. 306 p.

additional source

Linkletter, L.E. 1977. A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68 p.

Genbank

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External Links

Link Marine Life Information Network - UK
Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Berta, A.; Churchill, M. (2011). Phoca vitulina Linnaeus, 1758. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137084

Prof. Dr Wieslaw Bogdanowicz. Phoca vitulina Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=305353

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine, brackish, fresh

Importance

EU Habitat Directive:
annex II EU Habitat Directive Annex II: Species of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation.
annex V EU Habitat Directive Annex V: Species of community interest whose taking in the wild and exploitation may be subject to management measures.
IUCN:
Red List status LC 2008This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137084
urn:lsid:faunaeur.org:taxname:305353

Last modified

2010-05-20 by Prof. Dr Wieslaw Bogdanowicz & by Annalisa Berta

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