Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Mammalia > Subclass Theria > Order Carnivora > Suborder Caniformia > Infraorder Pinnipedia > Family Phocidae > Genus Monachus

Monachus monachus (Hermann, 1779)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Original genus

Phoca Linnaeus, 1758

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

MonachusFleming, 1822accepted genus name

Species group names

Phoca monachus Hermann, 1779 objective synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Albanian: foka e Mesdheut sources: Dhora, DH. 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor – Shqip – Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names – Albanian – English). Camaj – Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
 Bulgarian: tyulen monаh; Тюлен монах sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: munkesæl sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: monniksrob sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 English: Mediterranean monk seal; monk seal sources: UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms;William M. Johnson, Alexandros A. Karamanlidis, Panagiotis Dendrinos, Pablo Fernández de Larrinoa, Manel Gazo, Luis Mariano González, Harun Güçlüsoy, Rosa Pires, Matthias Schnellmann. (2006). Monk Seal Fact Files. Biology, Behaviour, Status and Conservation William M. Johnson, Alexandros A. Karamanlidis, Panagiotis Dendrinos, Pablo Fernández de Larrinoa, Manel
 English-United States: Mediterranean monk seal
 French: phoque moine sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 German: Mittelmeer-Mönchsrobbe sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greek: Μεσογειακή φώκια sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Israel (Hebrew): כלב-ים ים-תיכוני sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: foca monaca sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Lithuanian: viduržemio jūros ruonis vienuolis sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: mniszka śródziemnomorska sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Romanian: foca cu burtă albă; foca-episcop sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: тюлень-монах sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: redozemska medvedjica; Sredozemska medvedjica sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: foca monje; foca monje del Mediterráneo sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: Akdeniz foku sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Тюлень середземноморський; Тюлень-монах; Тюлень-монах звичайний; Тюлень-монах середземноморський

Literature

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

Genbank

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External Links

Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Berta, A.; Churchill, M. (2012). Monachus monachus (Hermann, 1779). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137081

Prof. Dr Wieslaw Bogdanowicz. Monachus monachus (Hermann, 1779). Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=305345

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

EU Habitat Directive:
annex II EU Habitat Directive Annex II: Species of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation.
annex IV EU Habitat Directive Annex IV: Species of community interest in need of strict protection.
IUCN:
Red List status CR This species is critically endangered and is considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

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GUID

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137081
urn:lsid:faunaeur.org:taxname:305345

Last modified

2010-05-20 by Prof. Dr Wieslaw Bogdanowicz & by Annalisa Berta

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