Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Mammalia > Subclass Theria > Order Carnivora > Suborder Caniformia > Infraorder Pinnipedia > Family Phocidae > Genus Halichoerus

Halichoerus grypus (Fabricius, 1791)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Original genus

Phoca Linnaeus, 1758

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

HalichoerusNilsson, 1820accepted genus name

Species group names

Phoca grypus Fabricius, 1791 objective synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): gråsel; havert sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: gråsæl sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: grijze zeehond; kegelrob sources: Jefferson, T.A.; Leatherwood, S.; Webber, M.A. (1993). Marine mammals of the world. FAO Species identification guide. FAO: Rome, Italy. ISBN 92-5-103292-0. VIII, 320 pp.
 English: gray seal; grey seal sources: Jefferson, T.A.; Leatherwood, S.; Webber, M.A. (1993). Marine mammals of the world. FAO Species identification guide. FAO: Rome, Italy. ISBN 92-5-103292-0. VIII, 320 pp.;North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
 English-United States: Grey Seal sources: Charles Hussey
 French: phoque gris sources: Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.
 German: Kegelrobbe sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greek: Γκρίζα φώκια sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Israel (Hebrew): יפעתן sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: alichero; foca grigia sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Lithuanian: ilgasnukis ruonis sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: gråsel; havert sources: Skr. Nat. Selsk. Copenhagen, 1(2):167
 Norwegian Nynorsk: gråsel; havert sources: Skr. Nat. Selsk. Copenhagen, 1(2):167
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): gråsel; havert sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: foka szara sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: длинномордый; или серый тюлень sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: sivi tjulenj sources: Davorin Tome
 Spanish, Castillian: foca de gris; foca gris sources: Jefferson, T.A.; Leatherwood, S.; Webber, M.A. (1993). Marine mammals of the world. FAO Species identification guide. FAO: Rome, Italy. ISBN 92-5-103292-0. VIII, 320 pp.;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: gråsäl sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: boz fok; gri fok; grifok sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: довгомордий тюлень sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: morlo llwyd

Literature

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

Wilson, D. E., and D. M. Reeder (eds.). 1993. Mammal species of the world. Smithsonian Institution Press.

additional source

Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station.

additional source

Waring, G.T., J.M. Quintal and C.P. Fairfield (eds.). 2002. U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico marine mammal dtock assessments, 2002. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS- NE- 169. 318 p.

additional source

Jefferson, T.A.; Leatherwood, S.; Webber, M.A. (1993). Marine mammals of the world. FAO Species identification guide. FAO: Rome, Italy. ISBN 92-5-103292-0. VIII, 320 pp.

additional source

Thomas, M.L.H. (ed.). 1983. Marine and coastal systems of the Quoddy Region, New Brunswick. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64. 306 p.

additional source

Linkletter, L.E. 1977. A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68 p.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

Genbank

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External Links

Link Marine Life Information Network - UK
Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Berta, A.; Churchill, M. (2011). Halichoerus grypus (Fabricius, 1791). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137080

Prof. Dr Wieslaw Bogdanowicz. Halichoerus grypus (Fabricius, 1791). Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=305343

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

EU Habitat Directive:
annex II EU Habitat Directive Annex II: Species of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation.
annex V EU Habitat Directive Annex V: Species of community interest whose taking in the wild and exploitation may be subject to management measures.
IUCN:
Red List status LC 2008This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137080
urn:lsid:faunaeur.org:taxname:305343

Last modified

2010-05-20 by Prof. Dr Wieslaw Bogdanowicz & by Annalisa Berta

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