Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Aves > Order Anseriformes > Family Anatidae > Genus Somateria

Somateria mollissima (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Original genus

Anas Linnaeus, 1758

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

SomateriaLeach, 1819accepted genus name

Species group names

Anas mollissima Linnaeus, 1758 objective synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Albanian: pata e detit sources: Dhora, DH. 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor – Shqip – Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names – Albanian – English). Camaj – Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
 Bokmål (Norwegian): ærfugl sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Bulgarian: Обикновена гага sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: ederfugl sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: eider; eidereend sources: Jonsson, L. (1993). Vogels van Europa, Noord-Afrika en het Midden-Oosten [Birds of Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East]. Tirion: Baarn, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-187-6. 560 pp.;Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.
 English: common eider; eider; eider duck sources: North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS);PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 English-United States: Common Eider; Eider; Eider Duck sources: Charles Hussey
 French: eider à duvet; eider commun sources: Jonsson, L. (1993). Vogels van Europa, Noord-Afrika en het Midden-Oosten [Birds of Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East]. Tirion: Baarn, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-187-6. 560 pp.;De Coninck, L. A. P. (1938): Scientific results of Prof. Dr. P. Van Oye's expedition in Iceland. II observations ornithologiques. Biol. Jb. Dodonaea 5: 234-264
 German: Eiderente sources: Jonsson, L. (1993). Vogels van Europa, Noord-Afrika en het Midden-Oosten [Birds of Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East]. Tirion: Baarn, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-187-6. 560 pp.
 Greek: Κοινή Πουπουλόπαπια sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Icelandic: aedarfugl; aedur sources: De Coninck, L. A. P. (1938): Scientific results of Prof. Dr. P. Van Oye's expedition in Iceland. II observations ornithologiques. Biol. Jb. Dodonaea 5: 234-264
 Italian: edredone sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Lithuanian: paprastoji gaga sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: Ærfugl sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: ærfugl sources: Syst. Nat. ed. 10 p. 124
 Norwegian Nynorsk: ærfugl sources: Syst. Nat. ed. 10 p. 124
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): ærfugl sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: edredon sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Romanian: eiderul sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: обыкновенная гага sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: gaga sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: eider común sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: ejder sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: pufla kazi; pufla kazı sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Гага звичайна; Звичайна гага; пухівка; Пухівка (Звичайна гага) sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: hwyaden fwythblu

Literature

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station.

additional source

Peterson, R.T. and V.M. Peterson. 2002. A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

Vanner, M. 2003. The encyclopedia of North American birds. Paragon Publishing. Bath. 383 p.

additional source

Squires, H.J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p.

additional source

Linkletter, L.E. 1977. A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68 p.

additional source

Costello, M.J.; Emblow, C.; White, R. (Ed.). (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50. Muséum national d'Histoire Naturelle: Paris, France. ISBN 2-85653-538-0. 463 pp.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Gallardo, J. C., V. Macías, and E. Velarde. 2009. Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1321–1342 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p.

additional source

Field Guide to Birds of North America 1983

Genbank

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External Links

Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Adriaens, P. (2011). Somateria mollissima (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137074

Drs Cees Roselaar. Somateria mollissima (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=96523

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

EU Birds Directive:
Annex II/B 2009This species may be hunted under national legislation, as long as it does not jeopardise conservation efforts in their distribution area, and only in the Member States in respect of which they are indicated in the Directive, according to Annex II/B of the EU Bird Directive 2009/147/EC.
AnnexIII/B 2009
IUCN:
Red List status LC 2009This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137074
urn:lsid:faunaeur.org:taxname:96523

Last modified

2011-04-08 by Drs Cees Roselaar & by Peter Adriaens

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