Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Cnidaria > Class Hydrozoa > Subclass Hydroidolina > Order Siphonophorae > Suborder Physonectae > Family Physophoridae > Genus Physophora

Physophora hydrostatica Forsskål, 1775

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

PhysophoraForsskål, 1775accepted genus name
Physsophora Forsskål, 1775 orthographic variant
Physsophora Forsskål, 1775 synonym


original description

Forsskål, P. 1775. Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in Itinere Orientali Observavit Petrus Forskål. Prof. Haun. Post Mortem Auctoris Ed. Carsten Neibuhr. Adjuncta est Materia Medica Kahirina atque Tabula Maris Rubri Geographica. Hauniae, Pp 1-20 + i-xxxiv + 1-164, map.

additional source

Pugh, P. R. 2005. A new species of Physophora (Siphonophora: Physonectae: Physophoridae) from the North Atlantic, with comments on related species. Systematics and Biodiversity 2 3: 251-270.

additional source

Pugh, P. R. and R. Gasca. 2009. Siphonophorae (Cnidaria) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 395–402 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Vogt, C. 1854. Recherches sur les animaux inferieures de la Mediterranée. 1. Sur les Siphonophores de la Mer de Nice. Mémoires de l'Institut National Genevois 1: 1 - 164, 21 pls.

additional source

Brunel, P., Bosse, L. & Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p.

additional source

Eschscholtz, F. 1829. System der Acalephen. Eine ausführliche Beschreibung aller medusenartigen Strahltiere. Ferdinand Dümmler, Berlin, pp. 1-190, 116 pls.

additional source

Kawamura, 1911. “Baren kurage” (Physophora hydrostatica Forsk.) Zool. Mag. (Tokyo) (Dobuts. Zhasshi) 23 (6): 309-323, plate 6 (In Japanese only).

additional source

Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 59-101.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Leloup, E. (1933). Contributions à l'étude de la faune belge: 3. Sur la présence du siphonophore calycophoride Galetta australis (Lesueur) dans la zone littorale belge [Contribution to the study of the Belgian fauna: 3. On the presence of the calycophoride siphonophore Galetta australis (Lesueur) in the Belgian littoral zone]. Bull. Mus. royal d'Hist. Nat. Belg./Med. Kon. Natuurhist. Mus. Belg. 9(38): 1-7

additional source

Bigelow, H. B. 1911. The Siphonophorae. Reports of the scientific research expedition to the tropical Pacific. Albatross XXIII. - Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 38: 173-401, 32 pls.

additional source

Totton, A. K. 1965. A Synopsis of the Siphonophora. London, British Museum (Natural History). Pp. 230.





External Links

USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection
Barcode of Life
Biodiversity Heritage Library (140 publications)
GenBank (6 nucleotides; 1 proteins)


Schuchert, P.; Mapstone, G. (2014). Physophora hydrostatica Forsskål, 1775. In: Schuchert, P. (2014) World Hydrozoa database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135504




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2013-12-09 by Peter Schuchert

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