Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Cnidaria > Class Hydrozoa > Subclass Hydroidolina > Order Siphonophorae > Suborder Physonectae > Family Agalmatidae > Genus Agalma

Agalma elegans (Sars, 1846)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

AgalmaEschscholtz, 1825accepted genus name
Agalmopsis Sars, 1846 synonym


original description

Sars, M. (1846). Fauna littoralis Norvegiae oder Beschreibung und Abbildungen neuer oderwenig bekannter Seethiere, nebst Beobachtungen über die Organisation,Lebensweise und Entwickelung derselben. 1-194. Johann Dahk. Christiania.

basis of record

Mapstone, G. M. 2001. Siphonophora, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 120-122

additional source

Calder, D. 2003 MS. Checklist of Hydroids, hydromedusae and siphonophores reported from the Bay of Fundy.

additional source

Bigelow, H. B. 1911. The Siphonophorae. Reports of the scientific research expedition to the tropical Pacific. Albatross XXIII. - Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 38: 173-401, 32 pls.

additional source

Pugh, P. R. (1999). Siphonophorae. In South Atlantic Zooplankton I. Edited by D. Boltovskoy. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands. Pp. 868.

additional source

Totton, A. K. 1954. Siphonophora of the Indian Ocean together with systematic and biological notes on related specimens from other oceans. Discovery Rep. 27: 1-162.

additional source

Fewkes, J.W., 1881. Studies of the Jelly-fishes of Narragansett Bay. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harv. 8 : 141-182.

additional source

Pugh, P. R. and R. Gasca. 2009. Siphonophorae (Cnidaria) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 395–402 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Linkletter, L.E. 1977. A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68 p.

additional source

Trott, T.J. 2004. Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist (Special Issue 2): 261 - 324.

additional source

Shih, C.T., 1977. A guide to the Jellyfish of Canadian Atlantic waters. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Natural History Series 5 : 1-190.

additional source

Dunn, C. W., Pugh, P. R., and Haddock, S. H. D. 2005b. Molecular phylogenetics of the Siphonophora (Cnidaria), with implications for the evolution of functional specialisation. Syst. Biol. 54 (6): 916-935.

additional source

Jacobs, W. 1937. Staatsquallen. Nat. Volk (Frank.) 67 (10): 465-473

additional source

Totton, A. K. 1955. Development and metamorphosis of the larva of Agalma elegans (Sars) (Siphonophora Physonectae). In “Papers in Marine Biology and Oceanography”. Edited by M. Graham. Deep-Sea Res. 3 (Suppl): 239-241.

additional source

Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 59-101.


Mapstone, G. M. 2009. Siphonophora (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) of Canadian Pacific waters. NRC Research Press, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 302 p





External Links

USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection
Biodiversity Heritage Library (41 publications)
GenBank (11 nucleotides; 6 proteins)
Barcode of Life (1 barcode)


Schuchert, P.; Mapstone, G. (2014). Agalma elegans (Sars, 1846). In: Schuchert, P. (2014) World Hydrozoa database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135484




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2013-12-29 by Peter Schuchert

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