Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Porifera > Class Demospongiae > Order Hadromerida > Family Polymastiidae > Genus Polymastia

Polymastia spinula Bowerbank, 1866

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

PolymastiaBowerbank, 1864accepted genus name
Rinalda Schmidt, 1870 synonym

Species group names

Axinella mammillata Hanitsch, 1890 basionym
Axinella mammillata Hanitsch, 1890 synonym

Literature

original description

Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388.

additional source

Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103

additional source

Topsent, E. 1892a. Contribution à l’étude des Spongiaires de l’Atlantique Nord (Golfe de Gascogne, Terre-Neuve, Açores). Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco 2: 1-165, pls I-XI.

additional source

Van Soest, R.W.M. 1993a. Affinities of the Marine Demospongiae Fauna of the Cape Verde Islands and Tropical West Africa. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 159: 205-219.

redescription

Boury-Esnault, N. 1987. The Polymastia species (Demosponges, Hadromerida) of the Atlantic Area. Pp. 29-66. In: Vacelet, J. & Boury-Esnault, N. (Eds), Taxonomy of Porifera from the N.E. Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. NATO ASI Series G 13. (Springer-Verlag: Berlin, Heidelberg): 1-332.

Genbank

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External Links

Link To GBIF

Citation

van Soest, R. (2012). Polymastia spinula Bowerbank, 1866. In: Van Soest, R.W.M, Boury-Esnault, N., Hooper, J.N.A., Rützler, K, de Voogd, N.J., Alvarez de Glasby, B., Hajdu, E., Pisera, A.B., Manconi, R., Schoenberg, C., Janussen, D., Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M., Picton, B., Kelly, M., Vacelet, J. (2012) World Porifera database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:134212

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial

Importance

no data

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GUID

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:134212

Last modified

2004-12-21 by Rob van Soest

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