Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Porifera > Class Demospongiae > Order Dictyoceratida > Family Dysideidae > Genus Dysidea

Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

DysideaJohnston, 1842accepted genus name
Collospongelia Ferrer Hernández, 1923 synonym
Duseideia Johnston, 1842 synonym
Spongelia Nardo, 1847 synonym

Species group names

Duseideia fragilis (Montagu, 1814) basionym
Spongelia fragilis (Montagu, 1814) basionym
Spongelia pallescens fragilis (Montagu, 1814) basionym
Spongia fragilis Montagu, 1814 basionym
Duseideia fragilis (Montagu, 1814) synonym
Spongelia fragilis (Montagu, 1814) synonym
Spongelia pallescens fragilis (Montagu, 1814) synonym
Spongia fragilis Montagu, 1814 synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 English: goosebump sponge sources: Club d'immersió Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona
 French: éponge mie de pan mouillée


original description

Montagu, G. 1814. An Essay on Sponges, with Descriptions of all the Species that have been discovered on the Coast of Great Britain. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society 2(1): 67-122, pls III-XVI.

basis of record

Cook, S.D.C.; Bergquist, P.R. 2002. Family Dysideidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 1061-1066. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).

additional source

Mustapha, K.B., Zarrouk, S., Souissi, A., ; El Abed, A. 2003. Diversité des Démosponges Tunisiennes. Bull. Inst. Natn. Scien. Tech. Mer de Salammbô. Vol. 30

additional source

Rützler, K., R. W. M. van Soest, and C. Piantoni. 2009. Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 285–313 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Pulitzer-Finali, G.; Pronzato, R. 1981 [1980]. The Keratosa in a collection of Mediterranean sponges mainly from the Italian coasts. Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale Giacomo Doria 83: 127-158.

additional source

Uriz, M.J. 1988. Deep-water sponges from the continental shelf and slope off Namibia (Southwest Africa): Classses Hexactinellida and Demospongia. Monografías de Zoología Marina 3: 9-157.

additional source

Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.) (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp.

additional source

Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103

additional source

Burton, M. 1956. The sponges of West Africa. Atlantide Report (Scientific Results of the Danish Expedition to the Coasts of Tropical West Africa, 1945-1946, Copenhagen) 4: 111-147.

additional source

Laubenfels, M.W. De 1936a. A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. Carnegie Institute of Washington (Tortugas Laboratory Paper N° 467) 30: 1-225, pls 1-22.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

Cruz, T. 2002. Esponjas marinas de Canarias. Consejería de Política Territorial y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias, S/C Tenerife. 260 pp.

additional source

Kelly, M.; Edwards, A.R.; Wilkinson, M.R.; Alvarez, B.; Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R.; Buckeridge, St J.; Campbell, H.J.; Reiswig, H.M.; Valentine, C.; Vacelet, J. (2009). Phylum Porifera: sponges, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 23-46.

additional source

Stone, S. M., Boardley, E., and Gill, M. 1987 Field characteristics of some conspicuous sublittoral sponges from Roaringwater Bay, County Cork, Ireland. in European contributions to the taxonomy of sponges, Jones W.C. (ed.). Publications of the Sherkin island marine station, 1: 130-140


Bergquist, P.R. 1961b. The Keratosa (Porifera) collected by the Chatham Islands 1954 Expedition. New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Bulletin [New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 13] 139 (5): 207-219.





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (69 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Porifera Collection
Marine Life Information Network - UK


van Soest, R. (2014). Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814). In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:132324




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2014-02-16 by Rob van Soest

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