Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Annelida > Class Polychaeta > Subclass Errantia > Order Phyllodocida > Suborder Nereidiformia > Family Syllidae > Subfamily Syllinae > Genus Syllis

Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

SyllisLamarck, 1818accepted genus name
Lycastis Savigny, 1822 heterotypic synonym
Aporosyllis Quatrefages, 1866 synonym
Chaetosyllis Malmgren, 1867 synonym
Ehlersia Quatrefages, 1865 synonym
Ehlersia (Syllis) Lamarck, 1818 synonym
Gnathosyllis Schmarda, 1861 synonym
Ioida Johnston, 1840 synonym
Isosyllis Ehlers, 1864 synonym
Langerhansia Czerniavsky, 1881 synonym
Pagenstecheria Quatrefages, 1866 synonym
Syllis (Ehlersia) Quatrefages, 1865 synonym
Syllis (Langerhansia) Czerniavsky, 1881 synonym
Syllis (Syllis) Lamarck, 1818 synonym
Syllis (Typosyllis) Langerhans, 1879 synonym
Trichosyllis Schmarda, 1861 synonym
Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 synonym
Typosyllis (Ehlersia) Quatrefages, 1865 synonym
Typosyllis (Langerhansia) Czerniavsky, 1881 synonym
Typosyllis (Syllis) [auct.] synonym
Typosyllis (Typosyllis) Langerhans, 1879 synonym

Species group names

Syllis (Syllis) gracilis Grube, 1840 synonym
Syllis brachycirris Grube, 1857 synonym
Syllis longissima Gravier, 1900 synonym
Syllis mixtosetosa Bobretzky, 1870 synonym
Syllis navicellidens Czerniavsky, 1881 synonym
Syllis nigro-vittata Czerniavsky, 1881 synonym
Syllis quadridentata Czerniavsky, 1881 synonym


original description

Grube, A.E. 1840. Actinien, Echinodermen und Würmer des Adriatischen- und Mittelmeers, nach eigenen Sammlungen beschrieben. 1-92. J.H. Bon. Königsberg.

basis of record

Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 214-231

additional source

Pettibone, M.H. 1952 MS. Checklist of Polychaeta of New England region. 32 p.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

Fauchald, Kristian (2007). World Register of Polychaeta

additional source

Langerhans, Paul (1879) Die Wurmfauna von Madeira [part I]. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 32(4): 513-592.

additional source

Brunel, P., Bosse, L. & Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p.

additional source

Trott, T.J. 2004. Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist (Special Issue 2): 261 - 324.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp.

additional source

Çinar, Melih Ertan & Gambi, Maria Cristina 2005. Cognetti’s syllid collection (Polychaeta: Syllidae) deposited at the Museum of the Stazione Zoologica ‘‘Anton Dohrn’’ (Naples, Italy), with descriptions of two new species of Autolytus. Journal of Natural History 39(10): 725-762

additional source

Licher, Frank 2000 (1999), Revision der Gattung Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (Polychaeta: Syllidae). Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 551:1-336

additional source

Maltagliati F., Peru A.P., Casu M., Roffi F., Lardicci C., Curini-Galletti M., Castelli A. (2000). Is Syllis gracilis (Polychaeta: Syllidae) a species complex? An allozyme perspective. Mar. Biol., 136(5): 871-897

additional source

Augener, H. 1927. Papers from Dr. Th. Mortensen's Pacific Expedition 1914-16. 38. Polychaeten von Südost- und Süd-Australien. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk naturhistorisk Forening i Köbenhavn, 83: 71-275.

additional source

Fauvel, P. 1914. Annélides polychètes non-pélagiques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice (1885-1910). Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accompliés par le Prince Albert I, 46: 1-432.

additional source

Fauvel, P. 1923. Polychètes errantes. Faune de France Volume 5. 1-488. Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences. Paris.


Imajima, Minoru 2003. Polychaetous Annelids from Sagami Bay and Sagami Sea collected by the Emperor Showa of Japan and deposited at the Showa Memorial Institute, National Science Museum, Tokyo (II), Orders included within the Phyllodocida, Amphinomida, Spintherida and Enicida. National Science Museum Monographs, 23: 1-221


San Martín G (2003) Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. In: Ramos MA et al. (eds) Fauna Iberica, Vol 21, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid, p 1-554





External Links

GenBank (6 nucleotides; 2 proteins)
Barcode of Life (1 barcode)
Biodiversity Heritage Library (90 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection


WoRMS (2014). Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131435




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


annex V This species is threatened and/or declining in the Wider Atlantic according to the OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic.

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Last modified

2008-03-26 by Kristian Fauchald

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