Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Annelida > Class Polychaeta > Subclass Sedentaria > Infraclass Scolecida > Family Paraonidae > Genus Levinsenia

Levinsenia gracilis (Tauber, 1879)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

LevinseniaMesnil, 1897accepted genus name

Species group names

Paraonis gracilis (Tauber, 1879) synonym


basis of record

Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 214-231

additional source

Pettibone, M.H. 1952 MS. Checklist of Polychaeta of New England region. 32 p.

additional source

Fauchald, Kristian (2007). World Register of Polychaeta

additional source

Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358.

additional source

Fauchald, K., A. Granados-Barba, and V. Solís-Weiss. 2009. Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Brunel, P., Bosse, L. & Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p.

additional source

Trott, T.J. 2004. Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist (Special Issue 2): 261 - 324.

additional source

Hartley, J. P. 1981. The Family Paraonidae, (Polychaeta) in British Waters, A New Species and New records with a Key to Species. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 61(1): 133-150.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp.


Blake, J.A. 1996. Family Paraonidae Cerruti, 1909. pages 27-70. IN: Blake, James A.; Hilbig, Brigitte; and Scott, Paul H. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. 6 - The Annelida Part 3. Polychaeta: Orbiniidae to Cossuridae. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. Santa Barbara


Jirkov, I.A. 2001. [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Moskva, Yanus-K, 1-632





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (9 publications)
Barcode of Life
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection


WoRMS (2014). Levinsenia gracilis (Tauber, 1879). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130578




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2008-03-26 by Kristian Fauchald

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