Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Annelida > Class Polychaeta > Subclass Sedentaria > Infraclass Scolecida > Family Capitellidae > Genus Capitella

Capitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

CapitellaBlainville, 1828accepted genus name
Capitomastus Eisig, 1887 heterotypic synonym

Species group names

Lumbricus litoralis Johnston, 1827 synonym
Saenuris barbata Grube, 1860 synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Dutch: slangpier sources: Hayward, P.; Nelson-Smith, A.; Shields, C. (1999). Gids van kust en strand: flora en fauna [Coast and beach guide: flora and fauna]. Tirion: Baarn, Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-327-5. 352, ill. pp.
 English: gallery worm sources: BIOTIC
 English-United States: Gallery Worm


original description

Fabricius, Otto 1780. [POLYCHAETA & ANNELIDA DATA. p.266-315; 374-384] Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens, Animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum, capturamque singuli prout detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes: Hafniae [Copenhagen] et Lipsiae.

basis of record

Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 214-231

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

Fauchald, Kristian (2007). World Register of Polychaeta

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Blake, James A.; Grassle, Judith P.; Eckelbarger, Kevin J. 2009. Capitella teleta, a new species designation for the opportunistic and experimental Capitella sp. I, with a review of the literature for confirmed records. Zoosymposia 2: 25-53

additional source

Fauvel, P. 1911. Troisième note préliminaire sur les polychètes provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice, ou déposées dans la Musée Océanographique de Monaco. Bulletin de l'Institute océanographique, 194: 1-41.

additional source

Hartman, O. 1942. A review of the types of polychaetous annelids at the Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University. Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection, Yale University, 8(1): 1-98.

additional source

Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358.

additional source

Fauchald, K., A. Granados-Barba, and V. Solís-Weiss. 2009. Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Holtmann, S.E.; Groenewold, A.; Schrader, K.H.M.; Asjes, J.; Craeymeersch, J.A.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; van Bostelen, A.J.; van der Meer, J. (1996). Atlas of the zoobenthos of the Dutch continental shelf. Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management: Rijswijk, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-369-4301-9. 243 pp.

additional source

Brunel, P., Bosse, L. & Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p.

additional source

Trott, T.J. 2004. Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist (Special Issue 2): 261 - 324.

additional source

Fauvel, P. 1927. Polychètes sédentaires. Addenda aux errantes, Arachiannélides, Myzostomaires. Faune de France Volume 16. 1-494. Paul Lechevalier. Paris.

additional source

Hartman, Olga 1959. Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Occasional Papers of the Allan Hancock Foundation, 23: 628 pp.

additional source

Hartman, O. 1959. Polychaeta. 538-541. IN: Edmondson, W. T. (Ed.). Freshwater Biology. John Wiley and Sons Inc. New York.

additional source

Malmgren, A. J. 1867. Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiae, Groenlandiae, Islandiae et Scandinaviae hactenus cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingfors. 127pp, & 115 plates


Blake, J.A. 2000. Family Capitellidae Grube, 1862. pages 47-96. IN: Blake, James A.; Hilbig, Brigitte; and Scott, Paul Valentich. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. 7 - The Annelida Part 4. Polychaeta: Fabelligeridae to Sternaspidae. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. Santa Barbara

subsequent type designation

Blake, James A. 2009. Redescription of Capitella capitata (Fabricius) from West Greenland and designation of a neotype (Polychaeta, Capitellidae). Zoosymposia 2: 55-80





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (207 publications)
Barcode of Life (1 barcode)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection
Marine Life Information Network - UK
GenBank (93 nucleotides; 13 proteins)


WoRMS (2014). Capitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129876




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2008-03-26 by Kristian Fauchald

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