Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Cnidaria > Class Anthozoa > Subclass Octocorallia > Order Pennatulacea > Suborder Subsessiliflorae > Family Pennatulidae > Genus Pennatula

Pennatula phosphorea Linnaeus, 1758

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

PennatulaLinnaeus, 1758accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Albanian: penda e detit e rëndomtë sources: Dhora, DH. 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor – Shqip – Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names – Albanian – English). Camaj – Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
 Dutch: zeepen sources: Hayward, P.; Nelson-Smith, A.; Shields, C. (1999). Gids van kust en strand: flora en fauna [Coast and beach guide: flora and fauna]. Tirion: Baarn, Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-327-5. 352, ill. pp.
 English: phosphorescent sea pen sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 English-United States: Phosphorescent Sea Pen sources: Charles Hussey
 German: leuchtende Seefeder


original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

Williams, G.C.; van der Land, J. (2001). Octocorallia - Pennatulacea, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 105-106

additional source

Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.) (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp.

additional source

Dyntaxa (2013) Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013].

additional source

Williams, G.C. Index Pennatulacea : Annotated bibliography and indexes of the sea pens of the world 1469-2002 (Coelenterata: Octocorallia)

additional source

Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 59-101.





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (257 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection
Marine Life Information Network - UK
Barcode of Life
GenBank (1 nucleotides; 1 proteins)


Williams, G. (2014). Pennatula phosphorea Linnaeus, 1758. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:128517




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Last modified

2005-07-27 by Gary Williams

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