Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Pisces > Class Actinopterygii > Order Atheriniformes > Family Atherinidae > Subfamily Atherinomorinae > Genus Atherinomorus

Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster, 1801)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

AtherinomorusFowler, 1903accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 English: hardyhead silverside; robust silverside sources: Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
 Greek: Κεφαλοαθερίνα sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Israel (Hebrew): אדרית גושמנית


basis of record

van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374

additional source

King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554.

additional source

Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.

additional source

Streftaris, N.; Zenetos, A.; Papathanassiou, E. (2005). Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 43: 419-453

additional source

FishBase, version december 2007

additional source

FishBase, version may 2009

additional source

FishBase, version october 2012





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (3 publications)
Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE)
Barcode of Life (18 barcodes)
GenBank (33 nucleotides; 27 proteins)


Bailly, N. (2014). Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster, 1801). In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2014) FishBase. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:126331




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2008-01-15 by Nicolas Bailly

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