Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Pisces > Class Actinopterygii > Order Anguilliformes > Family Anguillidae > Genus Anguilla

Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Original genus

Muraena Linnaeus, 1758

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

AnguillaSchrank, 1798accepted genus name

Species group names

Muraena anguilla Linnaeus, 1758 objective synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Albanian: gjala; mesholla; ngjala; njala sources: Dhora, DH. 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor – Shqip – Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names – Albanian – English). Camaj – Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
 Bokmål (Norwegian): ål sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Breton: sili sources: Cabioch, L. (2008). Personal communication
 Bulgarian: Речна змиорка sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: ål sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Dutch: paling sources: Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 English: eel; European eel sources: Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.;North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
 English-United States: European Eel sources: Charles Hussey
 Finnish: ankerias sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 French: anguille; civelle sources: Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.;Fishbase
 German: Aal; Europäischer Aal; Flussaal sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.;Unterwasser-Welt Ostsee;Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 Greek: Χέλι sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Icelandic: áll sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Israel (Hebrew): צלופח ; צלופח אירופאי; צלופח אירופי sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: anguilla sources: de Groot, B.; Dijkema, R.; Redant, F. (1988). Fish, shells and shellfish: an illustrated guide with descriptions, supply times and recipes of more than 400 sea and freshwater species [Vis, schelp- en schaaldieren: een geïllustreerde gids met de beschrijvingen, aanvoertijden en bereidingswijzen van ruim 400 soorten uit zee en zoet water]. Spectrum: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-274-20203. 180 pp.
 Lithuanian: ungurys sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: ål sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Norwegian Bokmål: ål
 Norwegian Nynorsk: ål
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): ål sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: wegorz; węgorz europejski sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Portuguese: eiró; enguia sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Romanian: anghilă sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: ugor'; угорь речной; Угорь речной европейский sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points;A.Boltachev & E. Karpova, IBSS NAS Ukraine
 Slovenian: jegulja sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: anguila sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Swedish: ål sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Turkish: tatlisu yilan baligi; tatlısu yılan balığı; yılan balığı sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: bугор; Вугор; вугор європейський; Вугор річковий; Вугор річковий європейський; Річковий вугор; Річковий вугор європейський sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points;A.Boltachev & E. Karpova, IBSS NAS Ukraine
 Welsh: llysywen

Literature

basis of record

van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374

additional source

Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.) (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp.

additional source

Welshman, D., S. Kohler, J. Black and L. Van Guelpen. 2003. An atlas of distributions of Canadian Atlantic fishes.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

FishBase, version december 2007

additional source

FishBase, version may 2009

additional source

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

additional source

Fishbase

Genbank

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Taxonomy

Link To FishBase

External Links

Link To FishBase
Link Marine Life Information Network - UK
Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Bailly, N. (2011). Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Nicolas Bailly (2011). FishBase. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:126281

Dr Jorg Freyhof. Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=304332

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine, brackish, fresh, not terrestrial

Importance

CITES:
appendix 2 This species is listed on the CITES Appendix II which means it is not necessarily now threatened with extinction but that may become so unless trade is closely controlled. International trade in specimens species may be authorized by the granting of an export permit or re-export certificate.
IUCN:
Red List status CR 2008This species is critically endangered and is considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
OSPAR:
annex I, II, III, IV This species is threatened and/or declining in the Arctic, Greater North Sea, the Celtic Seas and the Bay of Biscay according to the OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic.

Provided by

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GUID

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:126281
urn:lsid:faunaeur.org:taxname:304332

Last modified

2008-01-15 by Dr Jorg Freyhof & by Nicolas Bailly

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