Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Cnidaria > Class Anthozoa > Subclass Octocorallia > Order Alcyonacea > Suborder Scleraxonia > Family Paragorgiidae > Genus Paragorgia

Paragorgia arborea (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

ParagorgiaMilne-Edwards, 1857accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 English: bubble gum coral


basis of record

van Ofwegen, L.; Grasshoff, M.; van der Land, J. (2001). Octocorallia (excl. Pennatulacea), in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 104-105

additional source

Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 59-101.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Breeze, H., D.S. Davis, M. Butler, and V. Kostylev. 1997. Distribution and status of deep sea corals off Nova Scotia. Ecology Action Centre. Halifax. 58 p.

additional source

Watling, L., P. Auster (2005). Distribution of deep-water Alcyonacea off the Northeast Coast of the United States. In: Freiwald, A., R.J. Murray, editors. Cold-Water Corals and Ecosystems. Proceedings of the Second Deep-Sea Coral Symposium, Erlangen, Germany, September 2003. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp 279-296.

ecology source

Roberts, J.M., A. Wheeler, A. Freiwald, and S.D. Cairns, 2009. Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 334 pp.





External Links

USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection
Biodiversity Heritage Library (88 publications)
GenBank (553 nucleotides; 471 proteins)


van Ofwegen, L. (2014). Paragorgia arborea (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125418




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Last modified

2004-12-21 by Leen van Ofwegen

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