Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Echinodermata > Subphylum Echinozoa > Class Holothuroidea > Order Molpadida > Family Molpadiidae > Genus Molpadia

Molpadia musculus Risso, 1826

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

MolpadiaCuvier, 1817accepted genus name
Ankyroderma Ludwig, 1890, non Danielssen & Koren, 1879 synonym
Eumolpadia Heding, 1935 synonym
Haplodactyla Grube, 1840 synonym
Paratrochostoma Heding, 1935 synonym
Trochostoma Danielssen & Koren, 1879 synonym

Species group names

Ankyroderma danielsseni Théel, 1886 synonym
Ankyroderma hispanicum Petit, 1883 synonym
Ankyroderma loricatum Perrier R., 1898 synonym
Ankyroderma perrieri Petit, 1883 synonym
Eumolpadia asaphes Heding, 1935 synonym
Haplodactyla mediterranea Grube, 1840 synonym
Trochostoma violaceum Théel, 1886 synonym


original description

Risso, A. (1826). Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe Méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes Maritimes. Paris: F.G. Levrault. Vol. 5: VIII, 1-403, 10 pls.

basis of record

Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 336-351

additional source

Mah, C.L.; McKnight, D.G.; Eagle, M.K.; Pawson, D.L.; Améziane, N.; Vance, D.J.; Baker, A.N.; Clark, H.E.S.; Davey, N. 2009. Phylum Echinodermata: sea stars, brittle stars, sea urchins, sea cucumbres, sea lilies, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 371-400.

additional source

Pawson, D. L., D. J. Vance, C. G. Messing, F. A. Solis-Marin, and C. L. Mah. 2009. Echinodermata of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1177–1204 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College S

additional source

Pawson, D.L.; Vance, D.J.; Ahearn, C. (2001). Western Atlantic sea cucumbers of the Order Molpadiida (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 10: 311-327





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (32 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection
Barcode of Life (16 barcodes)
GenBank (19 nucleotides; 19 proteins)


Paulay, G. (2014). Molpadia musculus. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:124801




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2013-09-19 by Gustav Paulay

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