Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Nemertea > Class Enopla > Subclass Hoplonemertea > Order Monostilifera > Suborder Eumonostilifera > Family Tetrastemmatidae > Genus Tetrastemma

Tetrastemma candidum (Müller, 1774)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

TetrastemmaEhrenberg, 1831accepted genus name


basis of record

Gibson, R. (2001). Nemertini (Nemertae), in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 152-156

additional source

Gibson, R. (2005) Nemertina DB. Liverpool John Moore University, UK

additional source

Miner, R. W. 1950. Field book of seashore life. G.P. Putnam & Sons. New York. 888 p.

additional source

Gibson, R. (2009). Phylum Nemertea: ribbon worms, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 362-368.

additional source

Gosner, K.L. 1978. A field guide to the Atlantic seashore. The Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA. 329 p.

additional source

Gosner, K.L. 1971. Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 693 p.

additional source

Linkletter, L.E. 1977. A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68 p.

additional source

Trott, T.J. 2004. Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist (Special Issue 2): 261 - 324.

additional source

Norenburg, J. L. 2009. Nemertea of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 553–558 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Senz, W. 1993. Nemertinen europäischer Küstenbereiche (Nebst erganzenden Angaben zur Anatomie von Apatronemertes albimaculosa Wilfert//Gibson 1974). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien Serie B Botanik und Zoologie, 94/95: 47-145.

additional source

Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.) (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp.

additional source

ITIS database





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (44 publications)
Barcode of Life (1 barcode)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Nemertea Collection
GenBank (3 nucleotides; 1 proteins)


Gibson, R. (2014). Tetrastemma candidum (Müller, 1774). In: Norenburg, J.; Gibson, R. (2014) World Nemertea database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:122764




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data




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Last modified

2005-07-18 by Raymond Gibson

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