Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Cnidaria > Class Hydrozoa > Subclass Hydroidolina > Order Anthoathecata > Suborder Capitata > Family Pennariidae > Genus Pennaria

Pennaria disticha Goldfuss, 1820

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

PennariaGoldfuss, 1820accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 English: feather hydroid; feathered hydroid


basis of record

van der Land, J.; Vervoort, W.; Cairns, S.D.; Schuchert, P. (2001). Hydrozoa, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 112-120

additional source

Day, J.H. & J.F.C. Morgans (1956). The ecology of South African estuaries. Part 7. The Biology of Durban Bay. Ann. Natal Mus. 13: 259-312.

additional source

Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 59-101.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Pollock, L.W. (1998). A practical guide to the marine animals of northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey & London. 367 pp.

additional source

Calder, D. R. and S. D. Cairns. 2009. Hydroids (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 381–394 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.


Schuchert, P. 2006a. The European athecate hydroids and their medusae (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria): Capitata Part 1. Revue suisse de Zoologie 113: 325-410.





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (17 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection
GenBank (9 nucleotides; 13 proteins)


Schuchert, P. (2014). Pennaria disticha Goldfuss, 1820. In: Schuchert, P. (2014) World Hydrozoa database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:117802




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2013-07-29 by Peter Schuchert

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