Higher Classification: > Kingdom Chromista > Subkingdom Harosa > Infrakingdom Alveolata > Phylum Myzozoa > Subphylum Dinozoa > Infraphylum Dinoflagellata > Class Dinophyceae > Order Gymnodiniales > Family Gymnodiniaceae > Genus Amphidinium

Amphidinium carterae Hulburt, 1957

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

AmphidiniumClaperède & Lachmann, 1859accepted genus name


original description

Hulburt E.M.1957. The taxonomy of unarmored Dinophyceae of shallow embayments off Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Biol. Bull. 112: 196.

basis of record


additional source

Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College

additional source

Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae.

additional source

Dyntaxa (2013) Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013].

additional source

Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216.

additional source

Tomas, C.R. (Ed.) (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp.

toxicology source

Yasumoto T., Seino N., Murakami Y. & Murata M. 1987. Toxins produced by benthic dinoflagellates. Biol. Bull. 172: 128-131.

toxicology source

Rhodes L.L., Smith K.F., Munday R., Selwood A.I., McNabb P.S., Holland P.T., Bottein M.-Y. (2009). Toxic dinoflagellates (Dinophyceae) from Rarotonga, Cook Islands. Toxicon, 56:751-758.

taxonomy source

S. Murray, M. Flø Jørgensen, N. Daugbjerg & L. Rhodes (2004) Amphidinium revisited. II. Resolving species boundaries in the Amphidinium operculatum species complex (Dinophyceae), including the descriptions of Amphidinium trulla sp. nov. and Amphidinium gibbosum comb. nov. J. Phycol. 40: 366-382.




Published in AlgaeBase

External Links

GenBank (3892 nucleotides; 525 proteins)
Barcode of Life (5 barcodes)
Biodiversity Heritage Library (3 publications)


WoRMS (2014). Amphidinium carterae Hulburt, 1957. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2014). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109723




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Last modified

2010-10-12 by Gert Hansen

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