Higher Classification: > Kingdom Chromista > Subkingdom Harosa > Infrakingdom Alveolata > Phylum Myzozoa > Subphylum Dinozoa > Infraphylum Dinoflagellata > Class Dinophyceae > Order Gonyaulacales > Family Gonyaulacaceae > Genus Alexandrium

Alexandrium minutum Halim, 1960

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

AlexandriumHalim, 1960accepted genus name
Gessnerium Halim ex Halim, 1967 synonym

Species group names

Alexandrium angustitabulatum F.J.R.Taylor, 1995 synonym


original description

Halim Y. 1960. Alexandrium minutum, n. gen. n. sp. dinoflagellé provocant des “eaux rouges”. Vie et Milieu 11: 102-105.

basis of record


additional source

Balech, E. 1995. The Genus Alexandrium Halim (Dinoflagellata). Sherkin Island Marine Station, Sherkin Island, Co. Cork, Ireland, 151.

additional source

Lakkis, S. (2011). Le phytoplancton marin du Liban (Méditerranée orientale): biologie, biodiversité, biogéographie. Aracne: Roma. ISBN 978-88-548-4243-4. 293 pp.

additional source

Hallegraeff G.M., Steffensen D.A. & Wetherbee R. 1988. Three estuarine Australian dinoflagellates that can produce paralytic shellfish toxins. J. Plankton Res. 10: 533-541.

additional source

Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae.

additional source

Dyntaxa (2013) Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013].

additional source

Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216.

additional source

Tomas, C.R. (Ed.) (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp.


Balech, E. 1989. Redescription of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) type species of the genus Alexandrium. Phycologia 28:206-11.

toxicology source

Chang F.H., Anderson D.M., Kulis D.M. & Till D.G. 1997. Toxin production of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) from the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand. Toxicon 35: 393-409.

toxicology source

Oshima Y., Hirota M., Yasumoto T., Hallegraeff G.M., Blackburn S.I. & Steffensen D.A. 1989. Production of paralytic shellfish toxins by the dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum Halim from Australia. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 55: 925.

toxicology source

Franco J.M., Fernandez P. & Reguera B. 1994. Toxin profiles of natural population and cultures of Alexandrium minutum Halim from Galician (Spain) coastal waters. J. Appl. Phycol. 6: 275-279.




Published in AlgaeBase

External Links

Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE)
Biodiversity Heritage Library (6 publications)
Barcode of Life (5 barcodes)
GenBank (19018 nucleotides; 14 proteins)


WoRMS (2014). Alexandrium minutum Halim, 1960. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2014). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109711




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Last modified

2010-10-15 by Santiago Fraga

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