Higher Classification: > Kingdom Chromista > Subkingdom Harosa > Infrakingdom Alveolata > Phylum Myzozoa > Subphylum Dinozoa > Infraphylum Dinoflagellata > Class Dinophyceae > Order Gymnodiniales > Family Gymnodiniaceae

Gymnodinium Stein, 1878

Rank: Genus
Taxon Status: accepted


Gymnodinium abbreviatum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Gymnodinium achromaticum Lebour, 1917
Gymnodinium adriaticum (Schmarda) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Gymnodinium aeruginosum F.Stein, 1883
Gymnodinium agiliforme Schiller, 1928
Gymnodinium arcticum Wulff, 1919
Gymnodinium arenicola Dragesco, 1965
Gymnodinium caput Schiller, 1928
Gymnodinium catenatum H.W.Graham, 1943
Gymnodinium corii Schiller, 1928
Gymnodinium cucumis Schütt, 1895
Gymnodinium diploconus Schütt, 1895
Gymnodinium elongatum Hope, 1954
Gymnodinium endofasciculum Campbell, 1973
Gymnodinium filum Lebour, 1917
Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehrenberg) F.Stein, 1878
Gymnodinium fusus Schütt, 1896
Gymnodinium gibbera Schiller, 1928
Gymnodinium gleba Schütt, 1895
Gymnodinium gracile Bergh, 1881
Gymnodinium gracilentum P.H.Campbell, 1973
Gymnodinium grammaticum (Pouchet) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Gymnodinium halophilum Biecheler, 1952
Gymnodinium helveticum Penard, 1891
Gymnodinium herbaceum Kofoid, 1921
Gymnodinium heterostriatum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Gymnodinium impudicum (S.Fraga & I.Bravo) G.Hansen & Ø.Moestrup, 2000
Gymnodinium incertum Herdman, 1924
Gymnodinium irregulare Hope, 1954
Gymnodinium lacustre Schiller, 1933
Gymnodinium lantzschii Utermöhl, 1925
Gymnodinium latum Skuja, 1948
Gymnodinium maguelonnense Biecheler, 1952
Gymnodinium marinum Saville-Kent, 1880
Gymnodinium minor Lebour
Gymnodinium multistriatum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Gymnodinium najadeum Schiller, 1928
Gymnodinium neapolitanum Schiller, 1928
Gymnodinium nolleri M.Ellegaard & Ø.Moestrup, 1999
Gymnodinium ostenfeldii Schiller, 1928
Gymnodinium paulseinii Schiller
Gymnodinium placidum Herdman, 1922
Gymnodinium pulchrum Schiller, 1928
Gymnodinium pygmaeum Lebour, 1925
Gymnodinium rhomboides Schutt, 1895
Gymnodinium rubrocinctum Lebour, 1925
Gymnodinium rubrum Koifoid & Swezy, 1921
Gymnodinium semidivisum Schiller, 1928
Gymnodinium simplex (Lohmann) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Gymnodinium stellatum Hulbult, 1957
Gymnodinium striassimum Hulbert
Gymnodinium uberrimum (G.J.Allman) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Gymnodinium variabile Herdman, 1924
Gymnodinium venator Flo Jorgensen & Murray, 2004
Gymnodinium verruculosum P.H.Campbell, 1973
Gymnodinium vestificii Schütt, 1885
Gymnodinium voukii Schiller, 1928
Gymnodinium wulffii Schiller, 1933


basis of record

Gómez, F., 2005. A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64 (1), 129-212.

additional source

Steidinger, K.A. and K. Tangen. 1977. Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press. San Diego. p. 387-584.

additional source


additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Hayward, P.J.; Nelson-Smith, A.; Shields, C. (1996). Collins pocket guide: sea shore of Britain and Europe. Collins pocket guides. Harper-Collins Publishers: London, UK. ISBN 0-00-219955-6. 352 pp.

additional source

Parker, S.P. (Ed.) (1982). Synopsis and classification of living organisms. McGraw Hill Book Company: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-07-079031-0. 1166, 1232 pp.




Published in AlgaeBase

External Links



Guiry, Michael D. (2014). Gymnodinium Stein, 1878. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2014). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109475




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Last modified

2010-08-12 by Michael D. Guiry

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