Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Tunicata > Class Ascidiacea > Order Phlebobranchia > Family Ascidiidae > Genus Phallusia

Phallusia nigra Savigny, 1816

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

PhallusiaSavigny, 1816accepted genus name


original description

Savigny, J.C. (1816) Memoires sur les animaux sans vertebres. Paris., 2, 1-239.

basis of record

Monniot, C. (2001). Ascidiacea & Sorberacea, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 352-355

additional source

Millar, R.H. (1975). Ascidians from the Indo-West-Pacific region in the zoological museum, Copenhagen (Tunicata, Ascidiacea). Steenstrupia 3(20): 205-336.

additional source

Bonnet, N.Y.K. & Rocha, R.M. 2011. The family Ascidiidae Herdman (Tunicata: Ascidiacea) in Bocas del Toro, Panama. Description of six new species. Zootaxa 2864:1–33

additional source

Bonnet, N. Y. K. and Rocha, R. M. 2011. The Ascidiidae (Ascidiacea: Tunicata) of coastal Brazil. Zoological Studies 50: 809-825.

additional source

Streftaris, N.; Zenetos, A.; Papathanassiou, E. (2005). Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 43: 419-453

additional source

Cole, L. and G. Lambert. 2009. Tunicata (Urochordata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1209–1216 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Rocha, R.M.; Bonnet, N.Y.K; Baptista, M.S.; Beltramin, F. S. 2012. Introduced and native Phlebobranch and Stolidobranch solitary ascidians (Tunicata: Ascidiacea) around Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Zoologia 29(1):39-53

additional source

UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms





External Links

GenBank (4 nucleotides; 2 proteins)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Chordata Collection
Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE)


Sanamyan, K. (2014). Phallusia nigra Savigny, 1816. In: Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira Da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2014) Ascidiacea World Database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:103725




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data




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Last modified

2007-12-05 by Karen Sanamyan

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